This overview report analyzes how China can make its urbanization more efficient, inclusive, and sustainable. In the first section, ‘achievements and emerging challenges,’ chapters one through four analyze China’s achievements in urbanization and the challenges it faces in achieving efficient, inclusive, and sustainable urbanization. In the second section, ‘the reform agenda,’ a comprehensive reform agenda is proposed. Chapter five lays out the vision for urban China in 2030 and the reform package that will be needed to achieve it. It also describes the urban landscape in 2030 under the reform scenario. Chapters six through ten provide a detailed set of recommendations in the key areas of reform. Finally, chapter eleven proposes the sequencing and timing of reforms. This report is complemented by seven supporting reports, urbanization and economic growth, spatial design and urban planning, inclusive urbanization, land, food security, green urbanization, and financing urbanization that further deepen the analysis and expand on the policy recommendations.