GPC- Inventarios de gases de efecto invernadero para municipios / Low Carbon Future

En Diciembre se ha presentado el primer estándar global para inventarios de gases de efecto invernadero en municipios: el “Protocolo Global para Emisiones de Gases de Efecto Invernadero a Escala de Comunidad” (Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories- GPC), desarrollado por el World Resources Institute (WRI), por C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) y por ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI).

Más del 70% de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) están asociadas a las actividades que ocurren en las ciudades. Son por tanto las ciudades y los gobiernos locales con sus competencias en residuos, movilidad, planeamiento urbano, etc., piezas clave de las políticas de mitigación globales. Sin embargo, faltaba un protocolo transparente y consistente para realizar inventarios de GEI. El GPC da respuesta a este problema, estableciendo un marco común que permite comparar inventarios entre ciudades.

El GPC en su versión piloto ha sido probado en más de 100 ciudades, entre ellas las ciudades de la Iniciativa Ciudades Emergentes y Sostenibles (ICES) del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID). En el marco de esta iniciativa, Idom ha aplicado la versión piloto 1.0 del GPC a las ciudades de Asunción (Paraguay), Cuenca (Ecuador), Valdivia (Chile), João Pessoa, Palmas, Florianópolis y Vitòria (Brasil), y la versión 2.0 a las ciudades de Pasto (Colombia), Santiago de los Caballeros (República Dominicana), Bridgetown (Barbados) y Cumaná (Venezuela), convirtiéndose así en una firma líder en la aplicación de este protocolo.

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El texto del GPC puede ser descargado aquí.

+ artículo publicado en lowcarbonfuture.es

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Fondo Nacional de Eficiencia Energética (FNEE) con 350M Euros anuales | ovacen

Se creará un Fondo Nacional de Eficiencia Energética (FNEE) donde se priorizará el ahorro energético y la reducción de emisiones de CO2.

El Consejo de Ministros ha puesto en marcha el Plan de Medidas para el crecimiento, la competitividad y la eficiencia, que recoge, de una manera organizada y analítica, una serie de medidas dirigidas a emprender y desarrollar una estrategia conjunta para el segundo semestre de 2014 con un paquete de acciones determinadas. Al mismo tiempo aprueba un nuevo Real Decreto (Pendiente de publicar en el BOE) que regula la actividad de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de tecnologías renovables.

[…]

Creación del Fondo Nacional de Eficiencia Energética (FNEE) de 350 Millones de Euros.

– Dotado de hasta 350 millones de euros anuales procedentes de los Fondos Estructurales Europeos correspondientes a la Administración General del Estado, que aportará el 35% de la dotación, procediendo el resto de las liquidaciones derivadas del sistema de obligaciones, de los ingresos derivados de las subastas de derechos de emisión y de las consignaciones presupuestarias que, en su caso, se efectúen.

-Cofinanciará inversiones de eficiencia energética en edificación, transporte, industria, servicios y sector agrícola. Está prevista la aprobación de los siguientes planes:

Plan de Ahorro de Energía y Reducción de Emisiones en la Edificación para la rehabilitación energética de edificios del sector residencial y terciario (hoteles, centros del Sistema Nacional de Salud, comercio minorista, etc.)

Plan para la mejora de la tecnología de equipos y procesos industriales

Plan para la mejora del uso eficiente de los medios de transporte y cambio modal de personas y mercancías hacia modos más eficientes.

Plan para la mejora de la eficiencia energética en las explotaciones agrarias y de maquinaria agrícola.

[…]

 

+ artículo publicado en ovacen

Jornada Climate-KIC. La Transición de las Ciudades a urbes con una economía baja en carbono | inndea valencia


El Ayuntamiento de Valencia, a través de InnDEA Valencia, participa en la jornada Climate-KIC celebrada en Bruselas. El objetivo del evento es determinar el papel que tienen las ciudades a la hora de generar economías bajas en carbono. La jornada, organizada por Climate-KIC con ERRINN, se basa en los resultados de Ciudades Transición, un Proyecto de Innovación de distintas ciudades europeas, entre las que participa Valencia.

La sesión cuenta con mesas redondas de alto nivel en las que se tendrá en cuenta los avances del proyecto hasta la fecha para dar respuesta a las siguientes cuestiones:

-¿Qué mejoras pueden llevar a cabo las ciudades que forman parte del proyecto?

-¿Qué herramientas tiene Europa para lograr ese “Cambio Climático” positivo?

La jornada contará con la presencia de alcaldes, responsables políticos y representantes del proyecto Ciudades Transición.

Más información

+ artículo publicado en inndeavalencia

Tower designed by Solar Wind Energy Inc to convert desert heat into electricity | urban news digest

The tallest structure in North America is set to be the US $1.5 billion project designed by the Solar Wind Energy Tower Inc. The building would be a 686 meter tower located in SanLuis, Arizona that would convert the desert heat into a draft that could be in turn used to produce electricity. The tower mists water at its top, that leads to the air being cooled and becoming heavier. The draft that is created as the cool air sinks is then driven through turbines at the tower’s base. This force then helps to generate electricity. The tower resembles a nuclear plant cooling structure and has the potential of generating energy at 435 megawatt-hours over the duration of a year. The city council of San Luis has given the green signal for the project and would also be providing the water necessary for its operations.

The location was chosen after much analysis using software that calculated the energy production potential of the site. Local weather data was utilized to estimate the acreage and dimension specifications as well as financial considerations for the tower.

+ artículo publicado en urban news digest

1600 Cities Are At Risk From Increasing Pollution in the Mediterranean |Sustainable Cities Collective

100 million people live in 1600 cities around the Mediterranean Sea and they are poisoning it. Ultimately, they are signing their own death warrant. Ministers representing these cities are meeting in Athens this week to determine what may be done to reverse this trend.

For example, wastewater from Beirut’s 2 million people empty straight into the Mediterranean Sea without treatment. Landfills leach out into water courses and toxic waste finds its way into the sea. Astonishingly, almost 6,000,000 people living in urban areas bordering the sea do not have access to sanitation.

The Mediterranean is also a hotspot in climate change scenarios. In the future it expects to see higher temperatures, less rain and more extreme weather. This will have the effect of concentrating the pollutants.

All of this is focusing the minds of attendees at the first gathering since 2006 of the Janez Potočnik at the Union for the Mediterranean Ministers happening today in Athens and at an informal European Commission Environmental Council meeting tomorrow.. These people are in charge of environment and climate change in the 43 countries of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM).

The Meeting is being co-chaired by Al Shakhshir, Minister of Environment of Jordan and Janez Potočnik (right – @JanezPotocnikEU), the Slovenian European Commissioner for the Environment, who says that “Co-ordinated action is needed if we have to be effective.”

He says that the private sector “will have to be part of the solution. This is because nearly 60% of our plastic waste is packaging and 70-to 80% of marine litter and pollution comes from sources online. To see real and tangible results we need to address the problem at source.”

Today is also the launch of “Marine Litter Week”, which is advocating increased awareness and resource efficiency as a way of protecting the oceans.

The main causes of Mediterranean pollution are municipal waste, oven wastewater and industrial pollution. Progress has been made in depolluting the Mediterranean since 2007 but gaps in our data need to be filled,” said Hans Bruyninckx of the European Environment Agency.

The Agency has published a new report, the “Horizon 2020 Mediterranean report – Toward shared environmental information systems“, coordinated by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the United Nations Environment Programme/Mediterranean Action Plan with financial support from the European Commission under the ENPI-SEIS project that is being presented at the meetings.

Besides the European Union the main countries involved include Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia, which work with the European Union within the European Neighbourhood Policy.

The key findings are that although sanitation has improved in the region over the last 10 years, with a proportion of the population with access to sanitation increasing from 87.5% to 92%, there are still 17.6 million people in the region without sanitation, one third of whom live in urban areas.

Progress in managing urban waste water is difficult to assess as the data sources are not sound, says the report, but on the positive side they note that there is great potential to reuse waste water in the region. Water is becoming increasingly scarce.

Only about 1% of wastewater is presently reused so there is a growth opportunity for investment in treatment to be back into circulation instead of emptying it into the sea.

Waste generation in the southern Mediterranean region has grown approximately 15% in the last decade because of growing population and increased consumption patterns.

As a result, waste management need significant improvement. Around a quarter of waste is still not collected and that which is collected is mostly dumped into landfill, finding its way into the sea. Recycling rates are below 10%.

Industrial emissions include heavy metals that discharge into the sea, although these have reduced in recent years, but there is much marine pollution from cities, industry and tourist resorts.

One impact is on tourism, since beaches end up being polluted.

The report has specific annexes on Palestine and Israel. Just under half of Palestinians are still not connected to a sewage treatment system. Most West Bank households rely on cesspits for wastewater disposal, although in the Gaza Strip sewage collection networks are now the norm.

The Israeli Environment Minister MK Amir Peretz told the conference that he is willing to be involved in bilateral cooperation to tackle the problem.

Better cooperation

Ministers were told today of the urgent need to invest in creating an emissions inventory to show annual emissions of pollutants from different industrial facilities. There is plenty of scope for increasing cooperation and information sharing.

The main report says that “the emergence of urban poverty ‘pockets’ and inequities between urban and rural areas are still significant. The gap between urban and rural coverage (for sewage and waste treatment) is striking”.

Industrial pollution and nutrient run-off from agriculture ends up in the Mediterranean, a problem that is worsening particularly in states to the east and south of the sea. The worst culprits for pollution are the energy, petroleum, urban wastewater, food packaging, cement and metallurgy sectors.

These sectors also are poor on providing information on pollution. Although all states have policies in place, few actively monitor pollution. Ministers will be urged today and tomorrow to strengthen the institutional setup at national and regional levels to cope with the challenges of pollution control and prevention.

This means significantly enhancing the capabilities of public authorities to enforce environmental legislation.

+ artículo publicado en Sustainable Cities Collective

Naturopolis – la série | arte

Comment les mégalopoles tentent de se réconcilier avec la nature. En quatre volets, une vaste réflexion sur les défis environnementaux qui nous attendent

Plus de la moitié de l’humanité vit désormais en ville. Parallèlement, la faune et la flore investissent de plus en plus les milieux urbains. Avec une conséquence surprenante : les relations entre les animaux et les hommes n’ont jamais été aussi nombreuses, denses et riches ! Pour la première fois, l’exploration de la biodiversité est placée au cœur de la ville et des activités humaines. Et pour la première fois, la ville est appréhendée au travers de la nature qui s’y déploie. Dans Naturopolis, acteurs, penseurs, scientifiques, rêveurs et bâtisseurs de demain nous invitent à explorer les richesses naturelles méconnues de quatre mégalopoles : New York, Paris, Rio de Janeiro et Tokyo

Réalisateurs : Bernard Guerrini et Mathias Schmitt
Producteurs : Docside Production, ARTE France

+ artículo publicado en arte

 

Offshore Wind Farms Could Supply Much of the U.S.’s Electricity (If They Ever Get Built) | The Atlantic

[…]

The United States, on the other, is generating not a watt from commercial offshore wind farms, despite 80 percent of its electricity demand coming from coastal states, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. In fact, the offshore wind capacity of the country has been estimated at 4 million megawatts, or four times the entire generating capacity of existing U.S. power plants. 

The nation’s first offshore project, Cape Wind, has been mired in litigation and bureaucratic red tape since 2001. Just on Friday, a federal judge dismissed the latest legal challenge to the 468-megawatt wind farm that would be built in Nantucket Sound off Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

[…]

+ artículo publicado en The Atlantic

How Climate Change Will Destroy Your Country’s Credit Rating | The Atlantic

 

AP

We all know that climate change threatens to devastate coastal cities, disrupt food production, and trigger a refugee crisis of untold proportions. It’s also bad for a nation’s credit rating, according to a report released Thursday by Standard & Poor’s.

That would be seem to be the least of the worries of, say, Vietnam, which S&P ranked dead last of 116 countries’ vulnerability to climate change-related credit risk. (Investors, on the other hand, might want to bet on Luxembourg, which was deemed least vulnerable to climate catastrophe.)

[…]

+ artículo publicado en The Atlantic

Urban areas most at risk from Climate Change | ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability

Bonn, Germany, 29 May 2014: 

Cities account for 37–49% of global greenhouse gas emissions and urban infrastructure accounts for over 70% of global energy use. This is just one of the facts found in the “Climate Change: Implications for Cities – Key Findings from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (Cities Summary) – drawing attention to the need for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The Cities Summary is one of thirteen reports that summarize different sector findings of the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). ICLEI President David Cadman stressed the relevance for integrated climate action at the local level, a process led by local governments in partnership with business, industry and civil society. “This Cities Summary succinctly summarizes the key implications for urban areas. It is a must read for all local decision-makers”, said Cadman. The role of local governments in driving community emissions reduction and protecting their inhabitants and infrastructure against the impacts of climate change is central to effective climate policy. The briefing, published jointly by ICLEI, and the University of Cambridge’s Institute for Sustainability Leadership and Judge Business School, with the support of the European Climate Foundation, demonstrates the urgency for climate change mitigation (and low emission development) as well as adaptation:

Many emerging climate change risks are concentrated in urban areas.

Climate change impacts on cities are increasing.

The world’s urban population is forecast almost to double by 2050, increasing the number of people and assets exposed to climate change risks.

Steps that build resilience and enable sustainable development in urban areas can accelerate successful climate change adaptation globally.

The greatest potential for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions may lie in rapidly developing cities in industrializing countries.

Nikki Bartlett from the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership said: “The IPCC’s analysis clearly shows that action in urban centers is essential to successful global climate change adaptation and mitigation, as these areas hold more than half the world’s population and most of its built assets and economic activities. Decisions made at the city level can deliver real synergies, becoming more resilient to climate impacts while also seizing opportunities for lower-carbon living.”

The Cities Summary also outlines the effects that climate change will have on urban life. Sea levels could rise one meter by the end of the century, major crop yields may decrease, drought could reduce freshwater resources and extreme weather events are set to increase. The author Rian van Staden stated “It is essential to explore ways to improve resilience of local communities – considering infrastructure, people, environment, food, and many other aspects that encompass local communities. Cities are starting to explore solutions, also sharing with and learning from one another. ICLEI and other city networks have a key role to play in this area to supporting local governments with guidance and tools.”

The next two decades present a window of opportunity for accelerated mitigation in urban areas, as a large portion of the world’s urban areas will be developed during this period. Solutions such as low-carbon technologies, low-carbon transport, energy efficiency and retrofitting buildings need to be adopted today. These steps towards resilience and enabling sustainable development in urban areas can support successful climate change adaptation globally.

Over 64% of us (the world population) will live in cities by 2050. We need to act now to change tomorrow.

 

Read the Complete Summary.

Read more about ICLEI’s GreenClimateCities program offering guidance and support to local governments

 

Notes for Editors:

 Read more about ICLEI’s GreenClimateCities program offering guidance and support to local governments.

 ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability is the world’s leading association of more than 1000 metropolises, cities, urban regions and towns representing over 660 million people in 85 countries. ICLEI promotes local action for global sustainability and supports cities to become sustainable, resilient, resource-efficient, biodiverse, low-carbon; to build a smart infrastructure; and to develop an inclusive, green urban economy with the ultimate aim of achieving healthy and happy communities.

The University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL) brings together business, government and academia to find solutions to critical sustainability challenges. Through our educational programmes, business platforms and strategic engagement initiatives, we deepen leaders’ understanding of the context in which they operate and help them to respond in ways that benefit their organisations and society as a whole.

 Cambridge Judge Business School (CJBS) is in the business of transformation. Many of our academics are leaders in their field, creating new insight and applying the latest thinking to real-world issues.

The European Climate Foundation (ECF) was established in 2008 as a major philanthropic initiative to promote climate and energy policies that greatly reduce Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions and to help Europe play an even stronger international leadership role to mitigate climate change.

 

+ artículo publicado en ICLEI