IEEE – Documento de opinión: Anunciada autosuficiencia energética de EEUU y su cambio de intereses geoestratégicos: Estudio de claves / ieee.es

El World Energy Outlook 2012 que publicó la Agencia Internacional de la Energía confirmó las expectativas creadas en EE.UU., que anunciaban que este país alcanzaría la autosuficiencia energética para el año 2035 gracias al fracking y a la explotación de hidrocarburos no convencionales. Nuestro estudio trata de comprobar en qué medida este logro energético posibilitará un cambio en los intereses geoestratégicos estadounidenses, permitiendo desplazar el foco de atención desde Oriente Medio hacia Asia-Pacífico. Para ello, se empleará un análisis prospectivo de tipo estructural en el que se estudiarán 22 variables distintas, a parte de la energética, con el fin de determinar cuáles son las que más inciden en los intereses geoestratégicos de EE.UU.

Documento elaborado por Joaquín Ferro Rodríguez.

descargar pdf: Autosuficiencia Energética de EEUU

+ artículo publicado en ieee-Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos

Energy Security / ieee.es

El presente trabajo propone que, aunque el actual sistema de obtención de energía basado en las reglas competitivas del mercado en cierta medida asegura la obtención de energía, no basta para garantizar en todas las circunstancias el suministro permanente que Europa necesita.

Documento elaborado por Fernando del Pozo.

Descarpar pdf: Energy Security

+ artículo publicado en ieee-Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos

Patented Hydrogen Engine Ready to Power the Future | hplus magazine

Hydrogine, the hydrogen engine developer that wants to offer consumers an alternative to internal combustion engines and electric vehicles, is on Kickstarter seeking $750,000 from backers. The company has spent a decade developing a hydrogen-powered engine and recently received a international patent (US 8590496 B2) for their efforts.

Their engine is fully scalable for use in transportation, manufacturing and power generation. The inventors claim that after months of failure with one of their test engines, an accidentally thrown wrench caused a change in the flow of hydrogen energy and thus led to the breakthrough that is the Hydrogine S fuel technology today.

Hydrogine comes out of research at MIT and NASA. The credentials of the inventors seem pretty good. And they have been at it for a considerable length of time.

So maybe it works but how?

From the information available on the web I have been able to glean the following. The Hydrogine S engine uses a proprietary flow battery containing sulfuric acid which when released in intervals provides a constant charge to the engine cylinders housed in a v-block made from plastic resin composite. In essence it is an internal combustion engine that runs on water. The water serves two purposes, acting as coolant and when stripped of hydrogen atoms, the source of the engine’s power. For every 20 parts water the system uses 1 part sulfuric acid. Both fluids are readily abundant. And unlike gasoline or diesel engines there is no engine oil, no lubricants and solvents, no metal to metal contact and no carbon footprint.

+ artículo publicado en hplus magazine

 

Tower designed by Solar Wind Energy Inc to convert desert heat into electricity | urban news digest

The tallest structure in North America is set to be the US $1.5 billion project designed by the Solar Wind Energy Tower Inc. The building would be a 686 meter tower located in SanLuis, Arizona that would convert the desert heat into a draft that could be in turn used to produce electricity. The tower mists water at its top, that leads to the air being cooled and becoming heavier. The draft that is created as the cool air sinks is then driven through turbines at the tower’s base. This force then helps to generate electricity. The tower resembles a nuclear plant cooling structure and has the potential of generating energy at 435 megawatt-hours over the duration of a year. The city council of San Luis has given the green signal for the project and would also be providing the water necessary for its operations.

The location was chosen after much analysis using software that calculated the energy production potential of the site. Local weather data was utilized to estimate the acreage and dimension specifications as well as financial considerations for the tower.

+ artículo publicado en urban news digest

How to Make Solar Panels Affordable for Billions | The Atlantic

Courtesy of Azuri-Tech

Upgrading to electricity” is not a phrase most industrialized world denizens think about much, given that it happened a century ago. For 20 percent of people on earth, though, the electric grid isn’t making it to their slums and rural villages—not any time soon. Instead they rely on smelly, smoky, eye-stinging kerosene lamps for feeble light at night. 

But solar panels don’t require connection to the rest of the electric grid, and their prices are dropping. One solar panel on a roof and you’ve electrified your house: hello, LED lights and cellphone charging. In some locales, bottom of the pyramid demand for mobile charging is actually driving demand for solar power, with lights coming along for the ride.

Simpa Networks, an Indian company, has integrated solar tech with mobile phone payments. They install a solar panel on the roof and wire it through the house to a mounted box. The controls are assigned a code which the customer punches in when paying via cell. Each payment goes toward ultimately owning the system. Once paid off, the panel produces electricity at virtually no cost.

[…]

+ artículo publicado en The Atlantic

Offshore Wind Farms Could Supply Much of the U.S.’s Electricity (If They Ever Get Built) | The Atlantic

[…]

The United States, on the other, is generating not a watt from commercial offshore wind farms, despite 80 percent of its electricity demand coming from coastal states, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. In fact, the offshore wind capacity of the country has been estimated at 4 million megawatts, or four times the entire generating capacity of existing U.S. power plants. 

The nation’s first offshore project, Cape Wind, has been mired in litigation and bureaucratic red tape since 2001. Just on Friday, a federal judge dismissed the latest legal challenge to the 468-megawatt wind farm that would be built in Nantucket Sound off Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

[…]

+ artículo publicado en The Atlantic

How to Turn Cheap Natural Gas into Low-Carbon Gasoline | The Atlantic

 

Siluria Technologies

Open a garage door in Silicon Valley and you’re likely to find some kind of technology under development by an enterprising entrepreneur. But a gasoline refinery?

That’s what you’ll see in the back of Siluria Technologies’ outpost in an anonymous office park by San Francisco Bay. A contraption of pipes, tubing and metal cylinders of various sizes is producing low-carbon gasoline not by refining petroleum but converting methane into fuel through the use of a catalyst grown from a genetically modified virus.

[…]

+ artículo publicado en The Atlantic

 

Documento de opinión: La Función Estratégica de los Recursos Energéticos | ieee.es

Los rasgos definitorios del actual escenario energético emergieron, en gran parte, en 1973 tras la Guerra del Yom Kipur. Desde entonces, la función estratégica de los recursos energéticos se ha desarrollado de tal modo, que parece ya inherente a la propia naturaleza de los hidrocarburos. El despliegue de esta función se ha visto espoleado por la desigual distribución de yacimientos de petróleo y gas, la disociación geográfica entre la producción y el consumo, la dependencia energética para la prosperidad económica y el bienestar, y el creciente aumento de la demanda energética. Todo lo cual, ha provocado que la búsqueda de la seguridad energética sea un imperativo para los países consumidores; seguridad no exenta de amenazas, representadas, con frecuencia, en el uso de la energía como arma diplomática por los países productores. Si bien esta amenaza puede constatarse en distintas regiones, hoy, y de forma paralela, se están perfilando nuevos escenarios que pueden originar una nueva etapa en la que se replanteen los, hasta ahora, tradicionales rasgos del mercado energético internacional.

Documento elaborado por Ana Valle Padilla.

Descargar pdf

+ artículo publicado en ieee-Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos

Future without oil? : diversifying options for Trinidad and Tobago | The World Bank

Trinidad and Tobago (T and T) is an example of successful diversification within the oil and gas sector and the country is now a global player in the energy industry. Diversifying its asset base so that the non-resource sector can continue to grow and generate jobs once the country’s oil reserves are depleted is also an important priority for Trinidadians. With reserves of oil and gas in T and T expected to be exhausted by 2025-30, the government is focusing more and more on options for diversification. Although many countries have grown and improved their development outcomes while remaining highly dependent on natural resource rents, the obvious concern is what will be the sources of growth for the country when oil runs out? In this context, this note identifies the binding constraints and potential drivers to further economic diversification in T and T.

 

+ artículo publicado en The World Bank